Archives New Zealand railway photograph collection (ex-New Zealand Railways publicity collection). That year, the private Port Chalmers Railway Company Limited was acquired by the department and new workshops at Addington opened. [21] An exception was the Stratford–Okahukura Line, finished in 1933. In October 1969, the first unit coal trains were introduced, between coal mines at Huntly and New Zealand Steel at Mission Bush. 29.000000. 2004 - Government assumes ownership of national rail network and forms ONTRACK to run it. As a result, the "scramble for pie and tea at Taihape" became a part of New Zealand folklore. New Zealand Government Railways operated a number of small four-coupled steam tank locomotives known as class D. Several went on to second careers with private owners. In six years the workforce is cut from 21,000 to 5000, while productivity of the land-based workforce is lifted 300 per cent. 1878 - First express trains Christchurch-Dunedin cover 370km in 11 hours. We have new and used copies available, in 0 edition - starting at $68.70. With maps and illustrations, a detailed history of New Zealand railway development and a look into the future. Discover New Zealand travel destinations and attractions by rail, bus and ferry. The New Zealand Railway system which was already under state control before the First World War reached its ultimate size in the 1950s. This scheme was shut down in 1929 as it was considered improper for a government department to compete with private builders.[16]. In 1942 the Gisborne Line was finally opened, followed by the Main North Line between Picton and Christchurch being completed in 1945. Branch lines around the country were progressively closed and deregulation of the transport industry saw rail’s market share of freight transport drop significantly. While our rail network isn’t vast, thanks to their skill and determination, there are some incredible train journeys on offer. Ring, James, 1856-1939. The most important construction project for NZR at this time was the central section of the North Island Main Trunk. A second ferry, MV Aranui, arrived in 1965. Rail employs 21,000 workers. Membership is open to all with an interest in the New Zealand Railway system both old and new. Following the war, NZR contracted the Royal New Zealand Air Force from 1947 to ship inter-island freight across Cook's Strait between Paraparaumu in the North Island and Blenheim in the South Island, as part of the "Rail Air" service. The following year, he put forward a "Programme of Improvements and New Works'".[18]. [4] At the time 1,828 kilometres (1,136 miles) of railway lines were open for traffic, 546 km (339 mi) in the North Island and 1,283 km (797 mi) in the South Island, mainly consisting of the 630 km (390 mi) Main South Line from the port of Lyttelton to Bluff. This definitive history of railways advertising is a time capsule of New Zealand life and examines the art of Railways Studios, detailing its formative place in New Zealand design and art history. Everyday low prices and free delivery on … This included a number of steps to make passenger trains faster, more efficient and cheaper to run. [33] The service was very successful, leading to criticism, when the Wellington–Lyttelton overnight ferry was withdrawn, that NZR was competing unfairly with private operators. [5] The acquisition in 1908 of the Wellington and Manawatu Railway Company and its railway line marked the completion of the North Island Main Trunk from Wellington to Auckland. Special thanks to Great Journeys of New Zealand, operated by KiwiRail, for making this model possible. For more than 155 years, rail has played a critical role in New Zealand’s transport system. The New Zealand Railways Department, NZR or NZGR (New Zealand Government Railways) and often known as the "Railways", was a government department charged with owning and maintaining New Zealand's railway infrastructure and operating the railway system. New Zealand History/Railways. [31] The EW class electric locomotives introduced for the Wellington electric system. Originally, New Zealand's railways were constructed by provincial governments and private firms. 31.000000. The success of the Blue Streaks led to the purchase of three new railcars in 1972. In the Liberals last year of office in 1912, 140 miles (230 km) of line had been relaid, but that was reduced to 118 in 1913, 104 in 1914, 81 in 1924 and 68 in 1925, during the Reform Government's years.[23]. It was built in the early 1900s and parts of it kind of look like a castle. Railway Studios is a fine achievement, a book that is almost all things to all people, just as the railways were in … [32] The line's success led to several Taupo Railway Proposals being put forward, with extensions of the branch being mooted at various times. Our three iconic trains, Coastal Pacific, Northern Explorer, TranzAlpine and our Interislander Cook Strait ferry offer a seamless connection between the North and South islands, and to many spectacular destinations along the way. This "first sod turning" got me thinking about more early New Zealand history. [20] Coates went on to become Prime Minister in 1925, an office he held until 1928 when he was defeated at the general election of that year. 1863 - First steam railway opened on the Christchurch-Lyttelton line, via the Lyttelton tunnel. 1870 - With less than 100km of track operating, Prime Minister Julius Vogel calls for railways to aid economic development, and a narrow gauge is chosen to save money. In reaction to this, the government attempted to control inflation by fixing prices; in 1972 it was decided that NZR could only charge for its services at no more than 1971 rates, despite rising fuel and labour costs. A large number of NZR employees signed up to fight in the war. The corporatisation of NZ Railways in 1988 saw many of the properties sold into private ownership. 1984 – Electrification of North Island main trunk starts. Railways' management had entered the 1970s with a modernisation plan around the theme "Great things are happening to Railways", to counter negative views of the railways' held by the general public and political elites. Welcome to the New Zealand Railway and Locomotive Society Now on Facebook Go to Facebook. In the same year, Gordon Coates became the Minister of Railways. 1879 - Possible to travel 600km from Christchurch to Invercargill by train. Despite the war and associated labour and material shortages, new railway construction continued. A chronological history of New Zealand rail. In 1933 plans for a new railway station and head office in Wellington were approved, along with the electrification of the Johnsonville Line (then still part of the North Island Main Trunk). It acquired the Waimea Plains Railway Company in 1886. On foot, I follow the railway tracks 660 metres down New Zealand's longest wharf to the end, where they split into four sidings. Inflationary pressures within the economy greatly rose, at the same time exports were falling. 2008 - The Government buys back Toll's rail and ferry business for $665m, after several months of negotiations. History Edit 1981-1990: National rail landowner, network provider and train operator Edit. Fell Locomotive Museum: Really interesting local history museum - railway fans will love it. Following the success of the Wairarapa railcar class, in 1938 the Standard class railcars were introduced. The tunnel included the first section of railway electrification in New Zealand and its first electric locomotives, the original EO class. The Minister appointed a General Manager for the railways, keeping the operation under tight political control. A tunnel boring machine in action during the construction of the Kaimai Tunnel in 1978. In the 1870s, the government helped thousands of British people start a new life in New Zealand. - See 69 traveller reviews, 46 candid photos, and great deals for Featherston, New Zealand, at Tripadvisor. The last timetabled train arrived in Nelson on Friday September 2, 1955 and there was a last-ditch public meeting on the Church Steps. A potted history of New Zealand railways: 1862 - first railway opens - a horse-drawn tramway from Dun Mountain copper mine to Port Nelson. This again saw English Electric supply locomotives, the EC class. 18 Ruth Page called her own women’s protest meeting, on hearing that work would start on pulling up the railway lines at Kiwi on September 20th. A further improvement to passenger transport came in July that year, with electric services on the Johnsonville Line starting with the introduction of the DM/D English Electric Multiple Units.[29]. The Westfield deviation was completed in 1930 and the Tawa deviation proceeded at a snail's pace. He was often also the Minister of Public Works. Churchman and Hurst's research is meticulous, detailed, and presented extremely well - if you have any interest in railways, you will enjoy reading this vivid insight. Photographer Andrew Surgenor Date of Photo July 1991 Map [1] Contributor Andrew Surgenor. [16] An acute housing shortage following the war led to the creation of Railways Department's Housing Scheme in 1922. About the authors. Similar coal-saving timetable cuts occurred at the end of the next war in 1945 and 1946. The first half of the twentieth century was a ‘golden age' for rail. Date: Apr/May 2013 From: New Zealand railway observer, By: Prebble, Bill, 1955-, INNZNA Description: Features some of Newton Candish's black and white railway images from the mid 1940s to the early 1950s (B306 at the Linwood locomotive sheds, G97 at Ashburton, A472 heading to Greymouth, EC7 derailed at Heathcote, EO2 at the Addington Workshops, and JA1265, AB696, AB718, AB723, and A419 … Although hostilities ended in 1918, the coal shortage carried on into 1919 as first miners strikes and then an influenza epidemic cut supplies. The new service featured buffet cars and modernised rolling stock. Leitch, David B. Leonard Fullerton, David&Charles. 1972 (errata slip) 254p. For 2014 apart from being another Thames heritage Week, is also a jubilee year for Hamilton. The service was discontinued in the early 1980s.[30]. Completed in 1988 at a cost of $250 million. 1982 – Railways Corporation created as statutory corporation from Railways Department. Various diesel locomotives have been rebuilt at NZR workshops, for example, five of the DA as DC, though most rebuilding has been contracted out. The DA, more than any other class, displaced steam locomotives from the North Island. The role of operating the rail network was subsequently separated from that of the network's construction. Three new locomotive classes appeared in 1939: the KA class, KB class and the J class. 1996 - Wisconsin Central and Fay Richwhite float 31 million shares to the public at $6.19/share. In 1882, the first shipment of frozen meat from New Zealand made it successfully to England, proving … New Zealand touring map. NZ Rail … NZR's first diesel-electric locomotives, the English Electric built DE class, were introduced in 1951. [33], NZR's 1963–1964 year-end financial report showed that inter-island ferry services contributed $1.07 million to NZRs profit of $1.077 million. 2011 – New DL freight locomotives introduced as part of wider investment in new freight rolling stock. In 1960 the second Christchurch railway station, at Moorhouse Avenue, was opened. Aramoana with passengers during an early sailing. While the DG class proved more successful than the DF class, steam remained the dominant form of traction. NZR produced its first New Zealand-built steam locomotive in 1889; the W class built in the Addington Railway Workshops. D-J Paper over boards Small owner's stamp FEP Near Fine. Our other rail … In 1954, the New Zealand railway network reached its zenith in terms of distance with 5,600 km (3,500 mi), 60% of it on gradients between 1 in 100 and 1 in 200 and 33% steeper than 1 in 100. The area at Ferrymead that this railway occupied is now largely a Heritage Museum already with an operational railway which is rebuilt on much of the old original track foundation. To send goods between the islands, freight had to be unloaded from wagons onto a ship on one island, unloaded at the other and then loaded back into wagons to resume its journey by rail. The Weka Pass Railway is a historic rural railway using both vintage steam and diesel-electric locomotives on 12.8 km of scenic line through the unique limestone beauty of the Weka Pass out of Waipara. Better New Zealand encompasses the critical role we play in a sustainable and inclusive economy, taking trucks off the road, reducing carbon emissions and increasing well-being now and for future generations. 2009 Stratford – Okahukura (Taumaranui) line in Taranaki mothballed following derailment. They discovered New Zealand as they explored the Pacific, navigating by ocean currents and the winds and stars.In some traditions, the navigator credited with discovering New Zealand is Kupe. 1873 - First train in North Island, Auckland-Onehunga. The Kinleith Branch was shortly followed in 1957 by the 57 kilometres (35 mi) long Murupara Branch, which was opened running through the Bay of Plenty's Kaingaroa Forest. On 6 October 1952 the Kinleith Branch, formerly part of the Taupo Totara Timber Company's line, was opened to service a new pulp and paper mill at its terminus. 150 years ago in 1864 the first official European settlers landed from the s. s Rangiriri on the west bank of the Waikato River at Kirikiriroa. In the nineteenth century there was no other form of land transport except horses, and horse-drawn carts and stage-coaches and every small settlement wanted a railway as a … CHOOSE YEAR. New Zealand Railways No. A second ship, Aranui enters service shortly afterwards, 1971 - Last regular steam train in New Zealand. The worst railway disaster in New Zealand’s history occurred on Christmas Eve 1953, when the Wellington–Auckland night express plunged into the flooded Whangaehu River, just west of Tangiwai in the central North Island. Since the 1860s the phenomenon of the railway has dominated the attention of the public in New Zealand. First train carried MPs on a junket to Auckland, in August (pictured on left). The introduction of a roll-on roll-off train ferry changed that. Trains also delivered schoolchildren to the classroom, suburban workers to factories and offices, and thousands of day-trippers to beaches, parks, shows and racecourses. They were at the time the most powerful class of locomotives in New Zealand. Centralised Traffic Control (CTC) was installed from Taumaranui to Auckland at the same time. They were the second class of electric locomotive to be used on this section of electrification. Almost everyone travelling between major centres took … Despite this, NZR had record revenues in 1940. Ref: 1/2-060033-F. Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand. The first through train from Wellington to Auckland. The draft New Zealand Rail Plan is a product of the recommendations of the Future of Rail review. Future of Rail . New Zealand Railways No. [13] The war soon affected the supply of coal to the railways. This led to the closure of the Rimutaka Incline and its unique Fell railway system. This will leave the slow creaking third world narrow gauge network to bulk freight where it can be more efficient. Once again, growing traffic requirements led to the introduction of a new type of locomotive, the ill-fated G class Garratt locomotives in 1928. More classes followed over the years, primarily to operate regional services. [41], Following the increase in distance for road transport licensing in 1977, NZR General Manager Trevor Hayward published a pamphlet entitled "Time for Change". As a result, Railways' accounts were in deficit for much of the decade and were topped up with a special "Vote Stabilisation" in the budget. The New Zealand Railways Road Services branch was formed to operate bus services. During The Vogel Era of the late 1860s to the 1870s, railway construction by central government expanded greatly, from just 80 kilometres (50 miles) in 1869 to 1,900 kilometres (1,200 miles) in 1880. KiwiRail’s purpose: Stronger Connections. The KA was a further development of the K class, while the J class was primarily for lighter trackage in the South Island. The final section of the then ECMT, the Taneatua Branch, was also completed. In 1906 the Dunedin railway station was completed, architect George Troup. About the authors. New Zealand Railways (old and what's left of them too) As a result, non-essential services remained in effect until the end of 1919. The first of these locomotives entered service in September 1955, with all of this initial order running by September 1957. Inland travel was difficult because of the mountains, forests and swamps, so most people used sea and river transport, or walked. Instead, in August 1881 the Railways Construction and Land Act was passed, allowing joint-stock companies to build and run private railways, as long as they were built to the government's standard rail gauge of 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) and connected with the government railway lines. The following year NZR introduced the dual-cab DF class in 1954, the first main-line diesel-electric locomotives in service. Names & Opening & Closing Dates of Railway Stations in New Zealand 1863 to 2010 Researched & Written by Juliet Scoble for the Rail Heritage Trust of New Zealand When the New Zealand Public Works Department took over and finally completed the line to Rotorua in 1893, Mamaku Railway Station became the highest point on the Rotorua Main Line as it was known at the time. Learn more about how our cultural diversity came about in this young country. This was in response to concerns that significant New Zealand rail and general heritage buildings, structures and relics could be lost unless those involved appreciated their value and gave consideration to options for their conservation. The branch is the last major branch line to open in New Zealand to date. In its 30 May 1979 issue, the National Business Review said "long-distance rail travel is likely to completely disappear in the early 1980s. The railway network was initially constructed by the provincial governments of New Zealand from 1863 onwards. NZ Rail Maps Project Development Report [2020F]: Website Hosting Options [1] Good morning. 1978 – Completion of the Kaimai tunnel signals more direct freight link between Waikato and Bay of Plenty. This led to the coining of the phrase "KB country" to describe the area, made famous by the National Film Unit's documentary of the same title. It was built to a broad gauge of 5 feet 3 inches (1600 mm), to suit rolling stock imported from Victoria, Australia. 151 people died when the Wellington-Auckland express was derailed due to a bridge collapse north of Tangiwai due to a lahar from a volcanic eruption, in what became known as the Tangiwai disaster. [6] As a result, the central government passed legislation to allow for the construction of more private railways. This rejuvenation of KiwiRail will see lines reopen in 2019 such as the Napier to Wairoa line for logging trains; new commuter services established such as the Hamilton to Auckland train and the purchase of two new large rail-enabled ferries for Cook Strait, the State Highway 1 and Main Trunk Line between the islands. The review aimed to identify the role rail can play in New Zealand’s transport system and put in place a sustainable approach to funding rail over the longer term. Garnet Mackley was appointed General Manager in 1933, and worked hard to improve the standard and range of services provided by the Department. [38] NZR introduced its first purpose-built container wagons, the UK class, for the growing traffic that was quickly changing freight patterns. Churchman and Hurst's research is meticulous, detailed, and presented extremely well - if you have any interest in railways, you will enjoy reading this vivid insight. Buy The railways of New Zealand : a journey through history by Geoffrey B. Churchman, Tony Hurst online at Alibris. Railways of New Zealand . Arthurs Pass Railway Station 1967.. New Zealand’s first steam-powered public railway was a 7-kilometre line from Christchurch to Ferrymead, which opened in 1863. The Act had the effect of authorising the Wellington and Manawatu Railway Company to build the Wellington-Manawatu Line.[7]. 1971 saw the introduction of scheduled ISO shipping container services to New Zealand. This led to many benefits for NZR customers. Railways were built and towns sprang up or expanded. In 1972 the first Silver Fern railcars were introduced for the daytime Wellington–Auckland run. Locomotives were sent to Australia for rebuilding, with five being rebuilt at the NZR's own Hutt Workshops. The Railways Department followed a traditional branch structure, which was carried over to the corporation. The Act was repealed in 1982. The Blue Streaks were then allocated to the Wellington—New Plymouth service. At the same time, a protracted legal battle began with the New Zealand Midland Railway Company, which was only resolved in 1898. 1959-1971 - Numerous country branch lines closures across country as steam era comes to end and re-equipping lines with modern locomotives and updated infrastructure not considered viable. A number of experimental railcars and railbuses were developed. The Society was formed in 1944 by enthusiasts interested in the then New Zealand Railways. With the recent completion of the North Island Main Trunk Line (1908) and takeover of its only major private competitor (the Wellington and Manawatu Railway Company), New Zealand Railways (NZR) was unquestionably the country’s pre-eminent land transport provider. The line stopped about 1.5 miles (2 km) short of Blenheim until it was extended in 1880/1. Buy The Railways of New Zealand : A Journey Through History 2nd (revised) by Churchman, Geoffrey B.; Hurst, Tony (ISBN: 9780908876204) from Amazon's Book Store. added the pin The unloading of ED101 at Aotea Quay from the floating crane Hikitea 07 October 2013 Archives New Zealand railway photograph collection (ex-New Zealand Railways publicity collection). The first railway in New Zealand was constructed by the Canterbury Provincial Government in 1863. The early railways in New Zealand—as in most young countries—were designed to rapidly open up the country at a minimum cost. Ref: APG-1999-1/4-F. Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand. Photo about Kingston Flyer heritage railway , near Queenstown, New Zealand. Retrieved on 2008-03-25. During the 1950s New Zealand industry was diversifying, particularly into the timber industry. Shop now. Two years later a second freight ferry, Aratika, begins service. [2] Originally, railway construction and operation took place under the auspices of the former provincial governments and some private railways, before all of the provincial operations came under the central Public Works Department. Image of history, historic, landmark - 138323496 [41] TMS resulted in an 8 per cent improvement in wagon utilisation. Our people New Zealand Railways (old and what's left of them too) This map shows New Zealand’s rail network between 1880 and 1940. Here is our sixth project development report for 2020. The newest addition to MOTAT’s model rail network celebrates 100 years of rail in West Auckland. ↑ 3.0 3.1 Statistics New Zealand - Long term data series - Transport. Look inside Railways Studios. Coates scheme proposed spending £8 million over 8 years. A. L. Beattie became Chief Mechanical Officer in April 1900. The Taieri Gorge Railway journey starts at the Dunedin Railway Station, one of the nicest old buildings in Dunedin (and New Zealand). Following a change of Government in 1975, the Robert Muldoon led National Government decided to increase the transport licensing limited from 40 miles (64 km) to 150 km. Ja.1260 4-8-2 : Ashburton, New Zealand: Location: Plains Railway Society: Status: Display: Album: Video: Notes: The following NZR workshops were builders of locomotives: None of these minor workshops manufactured locomotives, although major overhauls were carried out: Steam locomotives built and rebuilt at NZR workshops:[45]. Steam locomotive hauling a passenger train. The length of the network peaked at more than 5,500 kilometres in 1953. Reefton Railway Station, July 1991.. Based on British and American railway company magazines, it was launched as a journal for the Railways Department’s major customers and 18,000 staff. The final demise of steam came on 26 October 1971 with the withdrawal of the last class of mainline steam locomotives, the JA class in the South Island (although the NZR-operated heritage Kingston Flyer service, using two AB class steam locomotives began just two months later in December 1971). The history of New Zealand Railways dates back to1863 and by 1873 the Cape Gauge had been established as the standard gauge for the track. 1945 - South Island main trunk from Christchurch to Picton completed. A guide on New Zealand national travel networks and routes lines system. The NZR&LS Archives hold a number of working drawings of D class locomotives, which have all been scanned. Peter Alsop is a senior executive who has worked across the public and private sectors. Opening of the Midland Railway, Stillwater junction. Because steam locomotives could not be operated through the new tunnel, the Wairarapa Line was the first to be fully "dieselised". This class followed the building of the Red Terror (an inspection car on a Leyland Cub chassis) for the General Manager in 1933. From 1925 these included the Leyland experimental petrol railcar and a fleet of Model T Ford railbuses, the Sentinel-Cammell steam railcar and from 1926 the Clayton steam railcar and successful Edison battery-electric railcar. The locomotive is now preserved in Dunedin near the railway station. This was later expanded to £10 million over 10 years. Shortages of spare parts and materials led to severe inflation, and repairs on locomotives being deferred. Aicken went as far as negotiating a tentative contract for the construction of electrification and locomotives for it, but fell out with the Government in late 1951 and resigned. Until the railway network was developed in the late 19th century, New Zealand’s uncompromising landscape meant overland travel was often extremely difficult. 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